The key differences between an entrepreneur and a manager
Publié le 17 May 2023

The key differences between an entrepreneur and a manager

The terms “entrepreneur” and “manager” or “leaders” are often used interchangeably, as both play a vital role in running a business. However, it is essential to distinguish the differences between an entrepreneur and a manager in today’s business climate. By understanding the differences between these two roles, companies can benefit from the unique skills that each brings.

Definitions and fundamental differences

Definition and differences between manager and entrepreneur | Reactive Executive
  • Definitions of entrepreneur and manager

An entrepreneur is a natural person who creates and manages a business seeking to derive economic benefit from it . The entrepreneur is usually involved in finding financing, managing employees and making strategic decisions for the business.

The manager, on the other hand, is a manager who oversees the day-to-day operations of the business , ensuring that every process runs smoothly. He may also be responsible for planning, organizing and coordinating the activities of his group.

  • Main differences between the two roles (goals, skills, leadership style)

An entrepreneur’s goals are usually tied to the growth and profitability of their business. This may include creating jobs or creating or improving products or services.
The entrepreneur knows how to identify opportunities, manage finances, develop strategies, negotiate with business partners and communicate effectively with his employees. He also knows how to adapt to constant changes in the business environment.
An entrepreneur’s leadership style is often considered to be vision-driven, innovation-driven, and risk-taking. A true passionate, determined and inspiring leader, he knows how to motivate his employees to achieve ambitious goals.

En règle générale, le manager a pour objectif l’amélioration de la productivité, l’augmentation des ventes, la réduction des coûts, la satisfaction des employés et des clients. Un manager est un chef de projet qui sait motiver une équipe, gérer les conflits en entreprise, prendre des décisions stratégiques, gérer les ressources matérielles ou immatérielles allouées. Leader expérimenté, le manager est une source inestimable de conseils, qui inspire les employés à prendre des initiatives et à s’engager dans la résolution de problèmes.

Comparison of behaviors and responsibilities

  • Analysis of typical entrepreneur and manager behaviors and responsibilities

Les différences de comportements et de responsabilités entre les entrepreneurs et les managers peuvent être très marquées. Alors qu’un manager se concentre sur les performances et objectifs à court terme de l’entreprise avec des ressources humaines, financières et matérielles limitées, un entrepreneur prend des risques financiers calculés, engage son temps et sa carrière pour faire progresser son entreprise sur le long terme. En substance, l’entrepreneur est la force motrice de l’entreprise tandis que le manager veille à ce que toutes les pièces s’emboîtent.

How these behaviors and responsibilities can influence a company’s performance

These behaviors and responsibilities can influence a company’s performance in a number of ways:

  • An entrepreneur willing to innovate and take risks, allows the company to be more competitive and to stand out from the competition
  • Making decisions quickly and adapting to changes in the environment can help the company overcome the uncertainties and challenges of the business environment
  • Good internal communication improves productivity and employee satisfaction.

Interim Manager

Le manager de transition est un acteur clé dans une période charnière d’une entreprise. Qu’il s’agisse d’une transformation, d’un remplacement temporaire du dirigeant, d’une gestion de crise ou d’une croissance, le manager de transition est chargé de piloter la stratégie de l’entreprise et apporte son expertise pour compléter et renforcer l’équipe existante.
Grâce à ses compétences et à son expérience, il offre à l’entreprise le leadership dont elle a besoin pour assurer une transition réussie.

The challenges of transitioning from one role to another

Several challenges must be met to ensure the transition from one role to another:

  1. Quickly understand the company, its environment, its culture and the issues related to transformation
  2. Managing stakeholder expectations, keeping staff motivated and mobilized and reassuring all employees
  3. Capture the parameters of the situation and redefine the results before implementing changes
  4. Ensure business continuity
  5. Guarantee the sustainability of the solutions put in place

Strategies for a successful transition

For a successful transition, the interim manager must take advantage of his experience and expertise, be responsive and adaptable, resist pressure, maintain a neutral and objective position on each issue, and listen to his employees with empathy and understanding. Ultimately, the interim manager must be able to provide clear and structured answers and maintain positive team dynamics.

Mistakes to avoid for a successful transition

  1. Act alone. A successful transition requires the contribution of the teams
  2. Not trusting co-workers.
  3. Create a climate of mistrust, fear and uncertainty.
  4. Repeat the same patterns, processes and strategies used. Look for ways to innovate and improve existing processes.
  5. Wanting to change everything immediately. The transition requires a thoughtful and gradual approach.
  6. Do not ensure transfer upon departure.


In short, an entrepreneur creates a business by taking financial risks to make it grow. A manager, on the other hand, is responsible for managing part of an existing business, with the goal of maximizing business performance and results.

Understanding the difference between an entrepreneur and a manager helps determine whether one is more willing to take risks or prefers to work as a team to achieve the goals of an existing business. It also helps to distinguish between challenges and opportunities and know which are the best fit. Understanding the difference between these two roles finally allows you to define the vision for the business, whether it is long-term or short-term.

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